Chronology

1860-1894 PERSONAL LIFE PUBLIC LIFE POLITICAL-MILITARY EVENTS IN AMERICA CULTURAL-ECONOMIC EVENTS IN AMERICA WORLD EVENTS
Cedarville to Chicago

1860 Born on September 6 in the Illinois town of Cedarville.
1863 Mother dies.
1868 Father marries second wife.
1877-81 Attends Rockford Female Seminary (later Rockford College).
1881 Suffers severe mental depression on father's death.
1882 Undergoes operation to correct spinal defect.
1883-85 First European tour.
1885 Joins Presbyterian Church.
1887-88 Second European tour.
1881 Debates with William Jennings Bryan in intercollegiate contest.
1889 Opens Hull-House.
1891 Founds Jane Club for women.
1892 Speaks at summer school in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
1893 Attends Congress of Representative Women at Chicago World's Fair;continues expansion of Hull-House.
1894 Defends Pullman strike, and criticizes Pullman in A Modern Lear.
1860 Lincoln elected President.
1861-65 Civil War.
1863 Emancipation Proclamation.
1865 Lincoln assassinated; Thirteenth Amendment ends slavery.
1868 President Andrew Johnson is impeached but acquitted; Grant elected.
1876 Centennial of the Revolution.
1881 Garfield assassinated.
1892 Populists demand free silver; Ellis Island opened for immigrants.
1868-70 Susan B. Anthony edits The Revolution, suffrage newspaper.
1869 Jay Gould causes Black Friday.
1873 First public kindergarten.
1879 George's Progress and Poverty.
1885 "New immigration" begins.
1886 Haymarket riot in Chicago.
1890 Census Bureau proclaims end of Western frontier; census: 62,947,714.
1893 Chicago World's Fair.
1894 Pullman strike; Howells' A Traveler from Altruria; Stead'sIf Christ Came to Chicago.
1860 Garibaldi's men invade Sicily.
1866 Tolstoy's War and Peace.
1869 Suez Canal opened.
1870-71 Franco-Prussian War; Third Republic proclaimed in Paris.
1878 Leo XIII becomes pope.
1884 Fabian Society founded by socialists in London.
1888 Wilhelm II Emperor of Germany.
1893 Dvorak's New World Symphony.
1894 Nicholas II Czar of Russia.
1894-1906 Dreyfus affair in France.

1895-1910 PERSONAL LIFE PUBLIC LIFE POLITICAL-MILITARY EVENTS IN AMERICA CULTURAL-ECONOMIC EVENTS IN AMERICA WORLD EVENTS
National Acclaim

1895 Convalesces after attack of typhoid fever.
1896 Visits Tolstoy in Russia.
1900 Honorary member of DAR.
1902 First book, Democracy and Social Ethics.
1907 Publishes Newer Ideals of Peace.
1909 Writes The Spirit of Youth and the City Streets.
1910 Receives Yale honorary degree; publishes Twenty Years at Hull-House.
1895 Becomes ward garbage inspector.
1898 Opposes American imperialism.
1900 Juror at Paris Exposition, gains prize for DAR exhibit.
1902 Speaks at funeral of former Governor John Peter Altgeld.
1905-09 On Chicago School Board.
1907 Attends national peace conference; joins woman suffrage committee.
1909 Heads National Conference of Social Work.
1910 Helps settle garment strike.
1896 Supreme Court approves "separate but equal" doctrine.
1898 Spanish-American War.
1901 McKinley assassinated; Theodore Roosevelt becomes President.
1902 T.R. introduces "Square Deal."
1906 Pure Food and Drug Act.
1907 Financial panic; U.S. flotilla begins international courtesy calls.
1908 Taft elected President.
1910 T.R. breaks with Taft; Mann Act curtails organized prostitution.
1896 F. P. Dunne creates "Mr. Dooley."
1899 Dewey's School and Society; Veblen's Theory of the LeisureClass; first use of spinal anesthesia.
1900 Susan B. Anthony retires; Carrie Nation raids saloons.
1902-12 Muckraker journalism.
1904 Steffens' Shame of the Cities.
1906 T.R. wins Nobel Peace Prize.
1910 National Association for the Advancement of Colored People founded.
1895 Germany opens Kiel Canal; Marconi invents radio.
1897 Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee; Greco-Turkish War.
1898 The Curies discover radium.
1899 First Hague Peace Conference; Boer War begins.
1900-01 Boxer Rebellion in China.
1904 Franco-British Entente.
1905 Revolt in Russia suppressed.
1907 Kipling wins Nobel Prize.
1909 Bleriot flies the English Channel.
1910 George V King of England.

1911-1920 PERSONAL LIFE PUBLIC LIFE POLITICAL-MILITARY EVENTS IN AMERICA CULTURAL-ECONOMIC EVENTS IN AMERICA WORLD EVENTS
Progressivism and War

1912 Publishes A New Conscience and an Ancient Evil.
1915 Pneumonia prevents her from sailing with Ford peace ship.
1916 Supports Democrat Woodrow Wilson; publishes The Long Road of Woman'sMemory.
1917 Saddened by accusations of being pro-German in her pacifism.
1920 Votes for Socialist Debs.
1912 Campaigns for Theodore Roosevelt in presidential election.
1913 Attends International Suffrage Alliance in Budapest.
1915 Presides at The Hague over organization later called Woman's InternationalLeague for Peace and Freedom; becomes embroiled in "bayonet controversy";supports Ford peace ship.
1917 Opposes American entry into war.
1917-18 Works for Food Administration under Herbert Hoover.
1919 Sees misery of German people.
1911 La Follette leads Progressives.
1912 Wilson defeats T.R. and Taft.
1913 Federal Reserve Act on banking.
1914 Wilson proclaims U.S. neutrality as World War I erupts in Europe.
1916 Wilson reelected, using slogan: "He kept us out of war."
1917 U.S. declares war on Germany.
1919 Senate rebuffs Wilson on League of Nations; Eighteenth Amendment providesfor Prohibition.
1920 Nineteenth Amendment establishes woman suffrage.
1911 Triangle Shirtwaist fire in New York leads to safety legislation.
912 Harriet Monroe founds Poetry; Dreiser's The Financier.
1913 Woman suffrage in Illinois.
1914 First American patent for multistage rockets.
1914-20 Wartime boom.
1915 Carrie Chapman Catt heads suffrage movement.
1916 Repplier's Counter-Currents.
1919 Anderson's Winesburg, Ohio.
1912 Anglo-German naval discussions fail; Franco-Russian naval agreement.
1912-13 Balkan Wars.
1914-18 World War I.
1915 Germans use poison gas.
1917 Germans proclaim unrestricted submarine warfare; Bolsheviks seizepower in Russia.
1918 Germany capitulates.
1919 Treaty of Versailles.
1920 League of Nations established.

1921-1935 PERSONAL LIFE PUBLIC LIFE POLITICAL-MILITARY EVENTS IN AMERICA CULTURAL-ECONOMIC EVENTS IN AMERICA WORLD EVENTS
Testing and Triumph

1922 Records her relief work in Peace and Bread in Time of War.
1923 Takes trip around the world.
1924 Votes for Progressive La Follette.
1930 Publishes The Second Twenty Years at Hull-House.
1931 Attends fiftieth class reunion at Rockford College.
1932 Votes for Republican Hoover; publishes The Excellent Becomes thePermanent.
1934 Writes My Friend, Julia Lathrop.
1935 Dies in Chicago on May 21.
1921 Presides over WILPF in Vienna.
1927 Blacklisted by DAR.
1929 Presides over WILPF in Prague, and is elected honorary president forlife; presides over Hull-House fortieth anniversary celebration.
1931 Wins Nobel Peace Prize.
1932 Addresses both party conventions, urging international amity.
1935 Wins American Education Award; attends Washington celebrations inher honor, and addresses world by radio.
1921 Harding takes office surrounded by "the Ohio gang."
1923 Harding dies; Coolidge becomes President.
1924 Harding scandals exposed.
1926 Army Air Corps established.
1928 Hoover elected President.
1929 Great Depression begins.
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt elected.
1933 F.D.R. rejects "fear itself"; New Deal begins; Twenty-firstAmendment repeals Prohibition.
1934 Federal Housing Administration.
1935 Social Security Act.
1921 Tomb of the Unknown Soldier dedicated at Arlington.
1924 Immigration quotas set.
1925 Tennessee "Monkey Trial."
1927 First full- length talking movie; first long transmission of TV signals.
1927-28 Model A Ford replaces the long-popular Model T.
1928 Justice Holmes hits wiretapping.
1929 Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms.
1931 Urey isolates heavy hydrogen.
1933 Unemployment reaches 13 million.
1935 Gershwin opera Porgy and Bess.
1922 Mussolini's march on Rome.
1923 Hitler jailed after abortive "beerhall putsch" in Munich.
1924 Lenin's death triggers struggle for power in Moscow.
1929 Stalin consolidates power as dictator and Trotsky goes into exile.
1930 Gandhi's "salt march" to sea challenges British authorityin India.
1931 Alfonso XIII of Spain abdicates.
1933 Hitler takes power in Germany.
1935 Italy invades Ethiopia; Moscow purge trials begin.

From Fishwick, Marshall W. Illustrious American: Jane Addams. Pp.230-231. Morristown, NJ: Silver Burdett Company, 1968.


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