APPENDIX A.--SCHEDULES USED IN THEHOUSE-TO-HOUSE INQUIRY.


UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.--Family Schedule, I.



December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1. NUMBER OF PERSONS IN THIS FAMILY_____________________
  Inquiries 1 2 3 4 5
2 Relationship to head of family?          
3 Sex?          
4 Age at nearest birthday?          
5 Conjugal condition?          
6 Place of birth?          
7 Length of residence in Philadelphia?          
8 Length of residence in this house?          
9 Able to read?          
10 Able to write?          
11 Months in school during last school year?          
12 Graduate or attendant at any time of any higher school?          
13 Attendant of any industrial school?          
14 Occupations since December 1, 1891?          
15 Present occupation?          
16 Place of work?          
17
  weekly?
Average income from present occupation {monthly?
  yearly?
         
18 Weeks unemployed at above occupation during last twelve months?          
19 Weeks employed at any other occupation during last twelve months?          
20 Name of such other occupation?          
21 Average weekly earnings at such other occupation?          
22 Number of days sick during last twelve months?          
23 Nature of illness?          
24 Sound and healthy in mind, sight, hearing, speech, limbs and body?          
25 When and where have attempts been made to find other employment?          
26 Why was application refused?          
27 Amount of real estate owned?          
28 Situation of such real estate?          
29 Amount of other property?          
30 Member of what building, secret, beneficial or insurance societies, or labor union ?          
31 Average monthly dues to such societies?          
32 Budget:
Total income of family from all sources for one year ?
Expenditure for one year ?
Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly
Rent       Amusements      
Food       Tobacco      
Fuel       Alcoholic drinks      
Clothing       Sickness and death      
        All other purposes      


Total expenditure for one year?
Total savings for one year ?

33 Chief form of amusement?  
34 Member or attendant of what church?  
35 Non-resident members of family?  
36 Occupation and address of same?  
37 Remarks  

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

INVESTIGATION INTO THE CONDITION OF THENEGROES OF
PHILADELPHIA.


Instructions for Family Schedule.


A family schedule must be made out for every group of two ormore related persons living under conditions of family life.Boarders, lodgers and servants, are to be entered on separateindividual schedules. Hotels, etc., should be entered on aninstitution schedule, and the inmates on family and individualschedules.

Question 1. Enter here the number of persons in the family, exclusive of lodgers, boarders, visitors or servants.

Question 2. Facts for the head of the family should be entered in the first column, and he or she should be designated as Head, whether man, womau, married or single. Give the other members the term which will indicate their relation to the head; as wife, son, daughter sister, etc, or mother (i.e. mother of head of family), etc.

Question 3. Abbreviate to M. (male), or F. (female).

Question 4. Give exact years, as, 17, 29, 31, 43, etc., and do not say "about" 25, 30, 35, 40. Enter children less than one year old on the 1st of December, in twelfths of a month, as 6-12, 3-12, etc.; or if not one month old, as 0-12.

Question 5. Enter as married (mar.), single (sing.), widowed (wid.) and separated (sep.).

Question 6. Give State and town.

Questions 7 and 8. Give approximate number of years.

Question 11. This refers to the children of the family.

Questions 12 and 13. Write "Graduate--Girls' High, '96"; or "Attendant Institute for Colored Youth, 3 yrs.," etc. Schools higher than common schools are here referred to. Answer this for all members of the family.

Questions 14 and 15. This is an important inquiry. Simple as it appears it is always difficult in census work to get satisfactory replies to this question. Inaccuracy and insufficiency of statement are the most prominent evils to be avoided:

For instance, remember. we want to know not what a man "works in," but just what he does.

We want to distinguish between. the owner or director of a business and one who works at it; between waiters and head-waiters: between cooks in private families and in hotels; between coachmen, hackmen, and draymen; between merchants and pedlars, and those who keep stands.

Do not sey:

"Printer," but "compositor," or "pressman;" not "mechanic," but "carpenter" or "plumber ;" not "agent," but "real-estate agent," not "merchant" or "pedlar," but "dry-goods merchant" or "pedlar--tinware", not "clerk" but "salesman in hardwarestore," "stenographer," "bookkeeper," etc.

Describe women who keep house at home as "housewives," those who keep house for others as "housekeepers." If the woman does her own housework, and in addition pursues a gainful occupation, as dressmaking, enter: "housewife--dressmaker," or "housewife-- day's-work-out."

Daughters, etc., who help with housework, should be entered: "housework--no pay." Those who do nothing should be entered as "no occupation." Children, too young to have an occupation, should be entered "at home," or "at school."

Question 17. Answer only one of these--preferably one of the first two. Seek to approximate the truth as nearly as possible.

Question 22. This refers to sickness that was severe enough to interfere seriously with daily work.

Question 23. Give the name of the disease or ailment.

Question 25. Give dates as nearly as possible, and addresses.

Question 26. Enter either the reason given or the reason surmised, or both.

Question 28. Give street and number.

Question 30. Give names of societies.

Question 32. This question is optional, and is only for those who are able to give their expenditure in some detail. Fill only one of the three columns for each particular item (e. g. rent yearly, food weekly, etc.) and seek by reference to written accounts to make this report accurate. Remember that income, expenditure and savings must balance

Question 33. Enter this under one of the following heads: A. Athletics (bicycling, baseball, etc.). B. Music. C. Church entertainments. D. Indoor games (cards, billiards, etc.). E. Balls. F. Houseparties. G. Picnics and excursions. H. Theatres.

Remember to enter here the actual chief amusemeut, not merely the one the person likes best, but does not often enjoy.

Question 35. Give relationship to head of family.

Where the question only applies to certain members of thefamily, put a cross in the spaces where there are no answersexpected. Where no information is given, put "unknown,"or "unanswered."

Finally, remember that the information given is confidential;the University of Pennsylvania will strictly guard it as such,and allow no one to have access to the schedules for other thanscientific purposes. We ask, under these conditions, careful,accurate, and truthful answers.

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.


Individual Schedule, 2.


December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1 Relationship to head of family ?  
2 Sex?  
3 Age at nearest birthday?  
4 Conjugal condition?  
5 Place of birth?  
6 Length of residence in Philadelphia?  
7 Length of residence in this house?  
8 Able to read?  
9 Able to write?  
10 Months in school during last school year?  
11 Graduate or attendant at any time of any higher school?  
12 Attendant of any industrial school?  
13 Occupations since November 1, 1891?  
14 Present occupation?  
15 Place of work?  
16
  weekly?
Average income from present occupation {monthly?
  yearly?
 
17 Weeks unemployed at above occupation during last twelve months?  
18 Weeks employed at any other occupation during last twelve months?  
19 Name of such other occupation?  
20 Average weekly earnings at such other occupation?  
21 Number of days sick during last twelve months?  
22 Nature of illness?  
23 Sound and healthy in mind, sight, hearing, speech, limbs and body?  
24 When and where have attempts been made to find other employment?  
25 Why was application refused?  
26 Amount of real estate owned?  
27 Situation of such real estate?  
28 Amount of other property?  
29 Member of what building, secret, beneficial or insurance societies, or labor union?  
30 Average monthly dues to such societies?  
31 Budget:
Total income for one year ?
Expenditure for one year ?
Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly
Rent       Amusements      
Food       Tobacco      
Fuel       Alcoholic drinks      
Clothing       Sickness and death      
        All other purposes      


Total expenditure for one year?
Total savings for one year ?

 
32 Chief form of amusement?
33 Member or attendant of what church?
34 Remarks.

See Instructions for Family Schedule, 1.

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.


Home Schedule, 3.


December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1 Material of house?  
2 Stories in house above basement?  
3 Number of homes in house?  
4 In which story is this home?  
5 Number of rooms in this home?  
6 Is this home rented directly of the landlord?  
7 Number of boarders in this home?  
8 Number of lodgers in this home?  
9 Number of servants kept?  
10 Total number of persons in this home?  
11 House owned by  
12 Rent paid monthly?  
13 Rent received from sub-letting?  
14 Bath-room?  
15 Water-closet?  
16 Privy?  
17 Yard, and size?  
18 Where is washing hung to dry?  
19 Light?  
20 Ventilation and air?  
21 Cleanliness?  
22 Outside sanitary conditions?  
The Home
    Room
No. 1
Room
No. 2
Room
No. 3
Room
No. 4
Room
No. 5
Room
No. 6
23 Use?            
24 Dimensions?            
25 Outside windows?            
26 Furniture?            
27 Occupants at night?            
28 Additional rooms?            
29 When and where have you had difficulty in renting houses?

 

 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR HOME SCHEDULE.


Every structure in which persons live is a dwelling for thepurposes of this investigation, whether wholly so occupied ornot. In each dwelling there will be one or more homes; for eachsuch home a Home Schedule must be made out, and at its top theschedule number of the corresponding family or individualinserted.

Question 4. If it occupies the house, put "wholehouse."

Questions 14, 15, 16, 17. Answer Yes or No.Note whether these facilities are used by one or more homes?

Questions 19, 20, 21, 22. Answer excellent, good, fair orbad.

Question 26. This refers primarily to the living room. Notethe presence of the following articles: piano, organ,parlor-suit, sewing-machine, bookshelves, couch, centre-table,rocking-chair, etc.

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.


House Servant Schedule, 4.


December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1 Street and number?  
2 Occupation of employer?  
3 Sex?  
4 Age at nearest birthday?  
5 Conjugal condition?  
6 Any home in the city?  
7 Address of same?  
8 Place of birth?  
9 Number of days sick in last twelve months?  
10 Nature of illness?  
11 Able to read?  
12 Able to write?  
13 Graduate or attendant at any time of any higherschool ?  
14 Occupations since November 1, 1891?  
15 Present occupation?  
16 Length of service here?  
17 Weekly earnings?  
18 Is board given in addition to this?  
19 Is lodging given in addition to this?  
20 Number of hours free each month?  
21 Who besides yourself is supported by your wages?  
22 How much is given for this purpose weekly?  
23 Member or attendant of what church?  
24 When and where have you attempted to get other employment?  
25 Why was application refused?  
26 What is your chief amusement?              
27 Budget:
Total income for one year ?
Expenditure for one year ?
Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly Expenditure for Weekly Monthly Yearly
Clothing       Sickness      
Amusements       Dues to Societies      
Lodging       All other purposes      


Total expenses for one year?
Total savings?

 
28 Amount of property owned?  
For Instructions, see Family Schedule, 1.

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.


Strcet Schedule, 5. __________________Street, between___________________________Streets.


December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1 General Character?  
2 Width?  
3 Paved with?  
4 Street-car line?  
5 Character of houses?  
6 Stories in houses?  
7 Material of houses?  
8 Proportion occupied as dwellings?  
9 Proportion of Whites to Blacks?  
10 Nationality of Whites?  
11 Cleanliness of streets?  
12 Width of sidewalks?  
13 Lighted by?  
14 Hydrants?  
15 Schools?  
16 Churches?  
17 Saloons?  
18 Pool-rooms?  
19 Public institutions?  
20 Public conveniences?  
21 Shops?  
22 Remarks?        

 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR STREET SCHEDULE

 

A "street" in this Schedule is meant to designatenot necessarily the whole street which bears one name--as Lombardfrom river to river--but rather such parts of streets as have acommon character; thus four or five Schedules would be necessaryfor the distinctive parts of Lombard Street, two for Juniper,several for Pine, one for Weterill.

1. Characterize the street concisely; as, "respectable residence street," or "blind alley with tumble-down brick houses."

4. Answer by Yes or No.

5. Note whether the houses are dwellings, stables, etc., respectable, suspicious, etc.

8. Estimate carefully; as one-third dwellings, or one-half back yards, etc.

9 and 10. Ask a policeman, or one or two of the persons dwelling there. Do not depend on your own observation, unless it extends over some time.

11. Answer by excellent, good, fair, or bad.

14. Give number.

15. Give names.

16. Give number, names and denomination.

17 and 18. Give number.

19. This includes hospitals, clubs, missions, manufactories. Note clubs of all sorts carefully, and ascertain their character if possible. Enter all these institutions by name.

20. This refers to public water-closets, baths, urinals, and lavatories.

21. Give approximate distribution and character of shops.

22. Make here any concise statement that will throw light on the street and its inhabitants.

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF PENNSYLVANIA.

CONDITION OF THE NEGROES OF PHILADELPHIA, WARDSEVEN.


Institution Schedule, 6.


December 1, 1896.

             

No. ______________

             

Investigator


1 Name?  
2 Street and number?  
3 Character?  
4 Proprietors?  
5 Number of members or partners?  
6 Amount of capital invested?  
7 Real estate owned?  
8 Value of same?  
9 Taxes paid last year on same?  
10 Value of other property?  
11 Income last twelve months?  
12 Source of said income?  
13 Expenditures last twelve months?  
14 Objects of expenditures?  
15 History?  
16 Description and remarks:        

 

INSTRUCTIONS FOR INSTITUTION SCHEDULE

 

This includes all institutions conducted byNegroes wholly or partially, or wholly or partially in theinterest of the Negroes; as, e.g., churches, missions, clubs,shops, stands, stores, agencies, societies, associations, halls,newspapers, etc.

Find out the object of the enterprise(philanthropic, social, business, etc.), the capital invested,the property owned, taxes paid, income for past twelve months,character and amount of expenditure, sort of quarters occupied,and persons connected, etc., aiming, in all cases, to collectessential facts.

Especially try and find out whether theenterprise is that of one person, of a partnership, or is aco-operative enterprise among a large number. If in any degreeco-operative, bring out the extent, character and objects of theco-operation.

 

 

 

 

From W.E.B. DuBois, The PhiladelphiaNegro. New York: Lippincott, 1899, Appendix A, pp. 400-410.


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